Poker is full of concepts and strategies with expressions or names that come from the English language. Experience, time and practice make these concepts more and more familiar, but there are aspects that an amateur poker player may hear about and not even be able to guess what they mean.
This is often the case when the expression “being pot committed” is used, which is relatively common among advanced poker players. What exactly does it mean? What kind of players say it? We tell you.
What does it mean to be “pot committed” in poker?
We understand “pot commitment” to mean commitment to the pot of the game. On its own the concept is not very revealing, so let’s put it in context: let’s imagine that we are watching a round of poker being played, and one of the players, on reaching one of the final rounds, says that he is “pot committed” and loses. What exactly happened there?
One of the most common justifications for suspect decisions in poker is for players to claim they were “pot committed” to a hand when they were not. It’s a concept that many think they understand, but sometimes they misapply it or get it wrong. But it’s worth learning, especially when playing “high-stakes” games like no-limit hold’em and pot-limit Omaha, where betting on successive streets can quickly turn a small skirmish into a big melee.
The point of no return
In general terms, being “pot committed” means having reached a point in a poker hand where folding at any bet or raise has become the wrong play. Such a situation is determined by the pot odds and how those odds compare to your chances of winning a hand.
It’s not exactly the same thing, but being “pot committed” is sometimes compared to reaching a sort of “point of no return,” as might arise in other contexts.
In poker, players sometimes mistakenly describe themselves as “pot commitment” as a justification for going all the way with a hand when they really didn’t have to. Betting chips at the beginning of a hand sometimes makes it more difficult for some players to fold later and concede the loss of the chips they have bet. Therefore, any bet, raise, or call they make becomes a justification for committing to fight for a pot to the end.
When a player says he is pot committed, he actually means that his odds are greater betting on the pot than on the play of the moment. That means that the opponent’s play is more focused on the pot than on a particular hand, which is a symptom of perspective. But perspective should not be confused with the inability to find the key to a good strategy.
When talking about pot commitment, we inevitably have to talk again about odds. The commitment to the pot stems from a calculation of odds. Obviously, if a player’s calculations show that it is more convenient to focus his game on the pot than on a specific play, his game is going to focus on the jackpot, letting himself be beaten if it pays off in an isolated play. Focusing on winning the pot and not beating an opponent can be the difference between being able to take the win and the pot home or not.
Now, you have to understand what the odds are really for in a pot commitment case. If a player says that he is committed to the pot, then his pot odds are higher than his opponent’s. In this case, instead of making a pot commitment, the player should make a pot commitment. In that case, instead of folding, the player can say he is pot committed and ends up betting the rest of his stack into the pot. This forces the opponent to show his cards.
But, if our odds are less than 33%, it is not at all advisable to call pot committed. In fact, with pot odds below that percentage, it is much more profitable to fold the hand. Otherwise, we will lose our last bet and all chances of winning.
You may be wondering if pot commitment has anything to do with what is called “chips commitment”. Some players confuse being pot committed with betting all or almost all of their stack. In reality, it has nothing to do with it.
Being pot committed actually has to do with the odds of coming out on top and winning the pot with our last stack, which is a different amount than the amount we committed to win the pot. Can the two things coincide? Yes, but you have to understand the difference because they are not identical actions: we are not obliged or committed just because we have bet a large part of our stack, that should be clear to you.
Other aspects to bear in mind about pot commitment
Now that we are clear about pot commitment, what should we do if we encounter a player who is pot committed? How do we react in such cases? We are going to give you a series of guidelines so that you can manage it in the best possible way:
- First of all, you have to rely on your mathematical knowledge. You have to know when you are pot committed or when the odds are giving you the opportunity to fold the hand.
- Betting a large part of your stack does not make you pot committed, and this is something you must constantly remind yourself of so you don’t make a mess of the game.
- Potting a pot to make it bigger with a bad hand is never a good idea. Try to avoid it.
- In order to calculate your odds, it is crucial that you rank your opponent from preflop to work out your strategy and calculate your odds, which is something you should always do, but when playing pot commitment, even more so.
- Reaching pot commitment for many is reaching the point of no return, but beware: folding the hand is still an option.
- In some tournaments and cash games, it may be more convenient to accumulate a large stack because of the flexibility it gives. A small stack can further limit your options.
Finally, don’t forget to commit only when you have a real chance. Hence, your odds calculations need to be good. You can either commit to the pot or use that commitment as an excuse to play recklessly over and over again, which you should avoid.