Poker is a game in which players place bets on a starting bid. The total sum of the bets is placed on the player or players with the best combination of cards. This game is one of the most popular and diverse, as it has several options.
Its origins go back centuries. Its name seems to come from the French poque, although it resembles the Persian game “as nas” and shares similarities with the ancient Renaissance game called “primero” and with the French “blean”. What is quite likely is that all these influenced the development of poker as it exists today.
However, all games in this discipline are played with English decks, which have four suits: hearts, diamonds, spades and clubs. Each one has 13 cards: AS, king, queen, jack, 10, 9, 8, 7, 6, 5, 4, 3 and 2. Once you know this, it is much easier to find out which are the best known varieties of poker.
This is the most traditional way of playing poker and both friendly games and international tournaments can be played. The person who deals the cards is the dealer and is in charge of controlling the game.
In this version, 5 cards are dealt to each player. They must see them without showing or exposing their value. With each round, the participants have the opportunity to discard the cards that are not useful and take the same number from the deck to get the best possible combination. Those who are confident, will raise their bet so that the competitors will either fold or continue playing. In the end, the bettor with the best hand wins.
Usually, players try to confuse the opponents to make them think they have a good or bad combination and thus win the game.
The possible combinations, from lowest to highest rank, are:
- High Card: the card with the highest value wins or, if you have the same card in several hands, the second one with the highest value.
- Pair: two cards of the same value.
- Double Pair: Two pairs of cards with equal values between them.
- Three of a Kind: Three cards of the same value.
- Straight: Five-card numerical sequence.
- Color: A combination of cards of the same color, not necessarily sequential.
- Full house: One third and one pair.
- Poker: Four cards of the same value.
- Straight Flush: Sequence of five cards of the same color
- Imperial Flower: Sequence of five cards of the same color and with the highest values (ace, king, queen, jack and ten).
Texas Hold’em is a very popular sport that is played in several international tournaments. It has five stages: Preflop, Flop, Turn, River and Show Down. Participants receive only two cards and reveal some of them according to the stage they are in. Thus, the bet is increased.
In the Flop, the dealer places three cards face up on the table, in the Turn he adds one more, and in the River, he places a last card. In the end, five cards are left exposed and the players must show their two cards. The one with the best hand with his cards and some of the five community cards wins.
This game also has several names depending on the number of players: between two people it is called heads-up, between 3 and 6 it is a short handed and, with more than 7, full ring.
This game is similar to Texas Hold’em, but in this variant the players have 4 cards and not two. These are the only cards that players receive individually. On the flop, the dealer places three uncovered cards simultaneously. Here a round of betting is made. Then, in the Turn, a new card is shown on the table with the respective bets. In the River, the last card is placed on the table and bets are placed again. Participants should have the best possible hand with only two of their cards and three of the cards displayed on the table.
There are two versions of this game:
- Omaha High: The pot is won by showing the cards, forming the best 5 of the 9 cards available, or by betting that the other players will quit.
- Omaha High/Low: The pot is split between the highest and lowest hand.
This game is very popular because it is very simple. Each player receives three cards and must form a better combination than the dealer, thus winning. That way, you only have to beat the house.
As it is a quick game, it has fewer combinations: straight flush, three-card monte, straight, three cards of the same suit and a pair. If you don’t get any of these, you lose.
7 Stud Poker
In this game, each player will receive a combination of 7 cards, 3 face down and 4 face up. There are several rounds of betting. The Stud modes are played in limit betting format only. If the last bet is completed, the player with the best card combination wins.