The history of blackjack is fascinating. Few card games can tell such a memorable odyssey as the one experienced by this world-famous card game.

Nowadays, the online mode allows us to play not only Blackjack but also countless other card games whenever and wherever we want. In the 16th century, when Blackjack – then known as 21 – began to be played in Europe, the reality was quite different. However, trade exchanges, battles or travels allowed the popular culture of the different countries to spread and, with it, the card games.

The 21 is a mixture of other European card games, such as the Spanish 7 and a half or the Italian sette e mezzo. 21 merged the dynamics and rules of the games in vogue at the time, becoming so popular that it conquered the aristocratic salons and made the leap to North America, where 21 was baptized as blackjack.

But the passing of the centuries has brought modifications, versions and different types of the original blackjack, creating the most exciting and playful modalities. But before we dive into the most popular ones, we will tell you what this game is all about.

What is blackjack?

Blackjack is one of the most famous games in gambling and casino environments. Our objective as players is to get 21 points or, failing that, the closest possible number without going over that number.

To play this game a French deck of 52 cards without jokers is used, and depending on the casino or online room, the deck will contain from 1 to 8 decks, being 6 the most common number.


Our rival is the dealer. The game starts with the dealing of two cards, whose values are added together. If we have been lucky enough to start the game with two cards that add up to 21, it is called blackjack. The best play. If our initial cards do not add up to 21, we can ask the dealer for cards until we get 21 or a number close to it. If we go over, we lose, regardless of the number the dealer gets.


The rules of the dealer are very well defined and we, as players, must keep them in mind. If the sum of the dealer’s cards is 16 or less, he must draw, but if they add up to 17 or more, he must stand.

At this point you may ask yourself: when does the dealer lose or win? It’s very simple: the dealer will win both the players who go over 21 and those who have a play of lesser value. On the other hand, it will tie with those players who have the same number. As for his defeat, it occurs when players have a higher hand than his. In case of going over, the dealer will lose to all those who stood, regardless of the number they got.

We may think that winning at blackjack depends on luck or on how the cards fall. The truth is that, although there is a part of truth in this belief, players can follow a very useful strategy when considering how to win at blackjack. Do you want to know which one? Be sure to read on.

Types of blackjack

Having explained the basic rules and the purpose of this card game, we will now tell you about some of its most famous modes that every card lover should know.

Blackjack modes are one of the best alternatives in case the classic blackjack starts to become repetitive. All of them share common aspects, but they differ enough to satisfy the users and enjoy in a different way.

American blackjack

The peculiarity of American blackjack lies in the fact that the dealer has to show one of his initial cards. If it is an Ace or a 10, he must look at his other card. If he gets blackjack with both of them, the game is over. Those who also have a blackjack can keep their bet, while those who do not, lose it.

European Blackjack

Again, the dealer has a lot to say in this modality. Here, we find a most striking peculiarity: it is played with a total of 8 decks of cards, which are shuffled after each turn. The reason? To prevent players from counting blackjack cards.

The game begins with the dealer dealing a single card. The players make their corresponding moves and, when they finish, the dealer deals his second card and discovers the sum he has. Thus, this modality is characterized by the fact that the dealer plays in the open.

Blackjack Spanish 21

At the beginning, we mentioned that the game of blackjack uses a deck of 52 cards. Since we are in the Spanish mode, we will use the 48-card deck. It is one of the most complex, but also one of the most dynamic variants that we can find.

One of its great peculiarities, in addition to the one already mentioned, is that, at the time of doubling down and betting, the player takes the card that will define his play. If the chosen card does not convince him, he can give up his hand and return to the previous bet.

Blackjack strategies and tricks

Contrary to what it may seem at first glance, blackjack is a game full of strategy.

The basic blackjack strategy is a theoretical model in the form of a table, very easy to understand and to put into practice that will increase your chances of winning at blackjack. Best of all, it can be applied to any type of table. In addition, you can either use the blackjack strategy table in your games or you can choose to memorize it, so that you can place your bets quickly and effectively.

It is based on statistical probabilities that help you decide what to do in each hand: drawing, standing, doubling down or splitting cards will no longer be an unknown by following the blackjack strategy.

Although, if you consider that your level is very initial, we leave you some useful blackjack tricks so that you can start to get your first victories:

  • Stand with 17: with this number, both the chances of going bust and beating the dealer are very high. In this situation it is recommended to stand.
  • Split with aces and eights: the ace is the strongest card, since it is worth 11 points. If you have two and split them, you have two chances to get 21. If you have two 8’s, you have 16, the worst hand in blackjack. By splitting them you can opt for better plays.
  • Stand if the dealer or another player gets an ace: it means that if they receive a 10-value card in the next hand, they will get a blackjack.